By- Dr. Ankit Yadavendra

“ Today I solved 1200 MCQs of Biochemistry ”,
I told my friend during my first attempt of PG preparation days ,
“ and tommorow I’ll solve 1000 MCQs of Pathology ”.
This was my attitude towards Post-Graduate exam preparation. But , was this enough!
No Unless you master the theory , there is no point in merely solving MCQs.
When I gave a practice grand test in May that year , I got 190/300 . I checked the answers and read the explanations . I didnot look for my mistakes in it , neither did I bother to go in detail . In June , I solved the paper again , and got 192/300 ! Now , the point is that if I have read all the answers and explanations , then why didnot I get 300/300 or atleast 290/300 ?
So , the reason is that , unless you master the concepts , the formulae , you won’t be able to solve MCQs correctly.
When it comes to the preparation of postgraduate entrance exams , then most of the students actually donot know what to study . They buy latest MCQ books containing lots of synopsis and explanations , or others with thousands of MCQs . By seeing this itself , whatever motivation they have , is lost. Later , they panic.

Here are some of the tips which may help in your preparation -:

Q1. When is the correct time to start preparing for PG ?
Ans. Start from any moment you want (even during undergraduate  period) , but be serious. Do not directly jump on the MCQs , try to master the concepts well.

Q2. Are coaching classes a must ?
Ans. No. But they definitely help you gain that extra
20-30/300 marks , which will help you alot . They provide you the skeleton to your preparation . Then it is upto you how to build it up further.

Q3. Is it important to read reference and standard books for PG preparation ? 
Ans. No. Read recent notes of any classes or recent MCQ books or 45 notes to PG
(45NotesToPG Author- Dr. Ankit Yadavendra)
Reading standard books will be a waste of time . You will also require a lots of time in revising them . Also , try to make your own notes and keep revising them repeatedly . The size of your notes should be just enough that you can revise and memorise . Reading beyond your own scope is not of use

Q4. What should be the time-table to study ?
Ans. Different people have different capacities to maintain concentration during studying . Try to have a very good rotation of all subjects. Suppose , you read Anatomy for 20 days , then Physiology for 20 days , then Biochemistry for 20 days and soon…
Then , by the time your each Anatomy again , it will appear to be new to you , again. So , make sure that you donot give more than 2 consecutive days for any subject , and have a proper rotation , so that all subjects are revised repeatedly.

Q5. How many MCQs should be solved everyday ?
Ans. Solve only 50 MCQs per day , that too of the subject you have read the whole day. Solving more MCQs is of no use if your theory is weak.

Q6. Is group study useful ?
Ans. It depends from person to person. But , keep distance from demotivating people , they may reduce your speed.

Q7. Are MCQ discussion groups important ?
Ans. Yes , but only those who solve only MCQs ,
 without wasting your time in irrelevant discussions.
Although , being online during preparation has a
tendency to divert your attention and waste your time. So , limit your screentime.
Some online Telegram Groups like AIM4PG is preferred and fruitful-
And my PEDIATRICS Telegram Group-  where i keep only MCQ & ANSWERS. 

Q8. How many tests should be given ?
Ans. Give atleast 1 grand test every week. Make a graph of your marks , and try to increase atleast 2 marks in each test. You will definitely come to know about the quality of preparation you are doing by these grand tests and graphs.

Q9. Where to give grand tests ?
Ans. Give grand tests only in cyber cafe on a computer , with online timer. This will make you learn how to concentrate in unfriendly environment. Try to sit for the whole time and solve all the MCQs. We study throughout the year without food and sleep , but in the final exams ,we are both sleepy and hungry , because of the lack of exam practice. Giving exams and exam practice is equivalent to knowing the subjects. Also , appear for as many exams as possible like AIIMS , JIPMER , PGIMER , UPSC CMS , DNB , NEET  etc , as these will give you more confidence.

Q10. What is the ‘ most important ’ ?
Ans. Focus on lists , e.g.-fractures.
They will ask a fracture in every exam , so you need to by heart all of
them to be lucky. Even if you miss or get confused in single fracture , you might lose your marks. Losing even single easy MCQ will shift your rank very much backwards. So , focus on lists and frequently asked topics like: cataracts , vector-disease , PSM instruments , signs , antibodies-disease , Hypersensitivity reaction types , amino acids , IPC sections , triads , syndromes , anesthetic drugs , drug classification , lymphatic drainage , anatomical spaces , virus classification , scales , criteria , scores (Glassgow coma , Apgar) , cell-disease , tumours , MC cause , symptom , sign , complication , site , type , IOC , DOC , TOC , cranial nerves , pulse , JVP , heartsounds , ophthalmology instruments , biostatics formulae , psychiatry scientist , IQscale , etc.
All important things to study you can find in my notes- “
45 NotesTo PG” –  (Download For Free)
And on my Free PEDIATRICS Telegram Group-
Even after lots of hardwork , students in exam get confused even in simple options like Kayser Fleischer ring and Fleischer sign/ring.
Mnemonics and alphabetic resemblance to avoid confusion during exams .e.g, Posterior pillar of tonsil – palatoPharyngeus. Prefer MCQ books only for solving MCQs , that too of not more than of last 5years.

Q11. How to improve marks in grand tests ?
Ans. I would share a few tips regarding grand tests as given by 1 of our seniors.
1) After you give a grand test of 300 MCQs ; say you score 200/300.
2) Then you mark out the wrong answers and divide them into 3 categories-
(a) unknown/1st time seen,
(b) read , but confused in 2options,
(c) knew the answer , but didnot mark correct option in hurry , or did not            read the question correctly(e.g. all of the following EXCEPT)
3) Say you get (a)=50 , (b)=10 , (c)=40.
Now compare the score with those of the toppers. You will realise that if you improve even 50% of (b) and (c), you will be above 99 percentile.
4) How to improve above (a) (b) (c) 3 categories ???
(c) — for this you will have to solve more tests , so that silly mistakes are reduced.
(b) — for this you will have to keep revising what you have already read. Also , revise the mnemonics and alphabetic resemblance very well , as it will prevent 2 option confusion.
(a) — this is not an issue. As you come across more mcq and topics , and newer updates , this will improve itself. Infact , somepart of this will move towards (b) and (c) slowly , with your preparation.
Principle: suppose a patient bleeds , surgeon focuses to stop the bleed more than giving more blood.

Q12. No. of questions to be attempted in entrance exams including AIIMS/JIPMER ?
Ans. You should attempt all questions in AIIMS/JIPMER or any other PG entrance exams.
a) Mostly we are confused in 2options , so chances of getting correct answer is 50%.
b) Correct answer gives you 1 mark and wrong gives –0.33.
c) If out of 4 unknown questions you even get 2 correct ,
    net score is 2 – 0.66 = 1.34 , which is a bonus.
d) In JIPMER , correct answer gives you 4 marks and wrong gives –1. If you get 2 correct out of 4 unknown questions , you will get 8 – 2 = 6 , which is very good.
e) If you think that out of 4 unknown questions all will be wrong , then you are already out of competition.
f) Also , say you want radiology and topper has 200/200 marks , and you yourself have left 20 questions , then you are again losing.
g) Insuch exams , you get confused in simple options, 18 even in questions which you have prepared well , so you don’t know most of the times which is a tough question , as simple MCQ appears tough.
h) In exams like IIT , CAT , IAS etc , there are huge paragraphs or time consuming problems. If you start solving one para , then itself takes about 20-30 min.
So , there it is adviced to leave the tough and time taking questions and solve the easier once first.
i) In our field , entrance exams contain simple mcq which don’t consume time.
j) So , I would advice to solve ALL the mcqs in ALL exams.

Q13. What should be done just before the day and on the day of exams ?
Ans. Have a good sleep. Make sure that you are fully aware of the location of the exam centre. Always reach there before the time. Be calm at the centre. Donot panic. As soon as the bell rings , enter the hall and occupy your seat after having some liquids (preferably ORS or glucose water) and also freshen up. During exams , donot think of anything in the world except the MCQs. Make sure that you correctly mark the answers of each and every MCQs. In computer based exams , you have an option to change your answer. Donot change the answer you have marked previously , because most of the times , it is the first option , which you marked , correct. Donot be in a hurry. Donot leave much MCQs for review , as you may not get time later. Also , you lose lots of time in navigating from one MCQ to the other. So , it is better to keep solving as per the sequence. If you get blocked , then try to start from the end or any round figure no. like MCQ no.201 and so on.


Dr. Ankit Yadavendra
M.B.B.S (Dr.V.M.G.M.C , Solapur)
M.D Paediatrics Resident (B.H.I.M.S , Mumbai)
Email –

Dr. Ankit Yadavendra PEDIATRICS Telegram Group-
AIM4PG Telegram Medical Group-
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