Mnemonics

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Esential amino acids
PVT. TIM HALL:
Phe
Val
Thr
Trp
Ile
Met
His
Arg
Leu
Lys
· Pvt. is short for Private in the military.
· Arg and His are considered semiessential.
· Alternatively: “MATT VIL PHLy”.

Glycolysis steps
“Goodness Gracious, Father Franklin Did Go By Picking Pumpkins (to) Prepare Pies”:
Glucose
Glucose-6-P
Fructose-6-P
Fructose-1,6-diP
Dihydroxyacetone-P
Glyceraldehyde-P
1,3-Biphosphoglycerate
3-Phosphoglycerate
2-Phosphoglycerate (to)
Phosphoenolpyruvate [PEP]
Pyruvate
· ‘Did’, ‘By’ and ‘Pies’ tell you the first part of those three: di-, bi-, and py-.
· ‘PrEPare’ tells location of PEP in the process.

Folate deficiency: causes
A FOLIC DROP:
Alcoholism
Folic acid antagonists
Oral contraceptives
Low dietary intake
Infection with Giardia
Celiac sprue
Dilatin
Relative folate deficiency
Old
Pregnant

Glycolysis enzymes
“High Profile People Act Too Glamorous, Picture Posing Every Place”:
Hexokinase
Phosphoglucose isomerase
Phosphofructokinase (PFK)
Aldase A
Triose phosphate isomerase
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
Phosphoglycerate mutase
Enolase
Pyruvate kinase

Down syndrome features: complete
“My CHILD HAS PROBLEM!”:
Congenital heart disease/ Cataracts
Hypotonia/ Hypothyroidism
Incure 5th finger/ Increased gap between 1st and 2nd toe
Leukemia risk x2/ Lung problem
Duodenal atresia/ Delayed development
Hirshsprung’s disease/ Hearing loss
Alzheimer’s disease/ Alantoaxial instability
Squint/ Short neck
Protruding tongue/ Palm crease
Round face/ Rolling eye (nystagmus)
Occiput flat/ Oblique eye fissure
Brushfield spot/ Brachycephaly
Low nasal bridge/ Language problem
Epicanthic fold/ Ear folded
Mental retardation/ Myoclonus

Rash in a febrile patient  : Very Sick Person Must Take Double Tablets
Very – Varicella (day 1)
Sick – Scarlet fever (day 2)
Person – Pox – small pox (day 3)
Must – Measles (day 4)
Take – Typhus (day 5)
Double – Dengue (day 6)
Tablets – Typhoid (day 7)

Structures passing through foramen ovale of skull  : OVALE
OVALE stands for:
O – Otic ganglion (Does not pass through it, but lies inferior to it)
V – V3 cranial nerve
A – Accessory meningeal artery
L – Lesser petrosal nerve
E – Emissary vein

clinical features of Bell’s palsy : BELL’S Palsy
B – Blink reflex abnormal
E – Earache
L – Lacrimation [deficient, excess]
L – Loss of taste
S – Sudden onset
Palsy of VII nerve muscles

layers of scrotum  “Some Dangerous Englishmen Call It Testis” or “Some Dirty Englishmen Called It Testis”
The layers of scrotum from superficial to deep are:
S – Skin
D – Dartos
E – External spermatic fascia
C- Cremasteric fascia
I – Internal spermatic fascia
Testis

Side effects of antipsychotics  : SHADE
S – Sedation
H – Hypotension
A – Anticholinergic
D – Dermatological SEs
E – Endocrine, Extrapyramidal

MANAGED By-
Dr. Ronak Agrawalla
Dr. SANCHI BHALERAO
Dr. Lahari Reddy
Dr. Haneesha  M.

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